Use of dried whole blood spots to measure CD4+ lymphocyte counts in HIV-1-infected patients
4 November 2003 (The Lancet)
All the versions of this article: English français
See online : Lancet 2003; 362: 1459-60
Authors: Peter Mwaba, Sharon Cassol, Rick Pilon, Chifumbe Chintu, Michelle Janes, Andrew Nunn, Alimuddin Zumla
As antiretroviral drugs become widely available in developing countries, practical, field-friendly, and cheap methods of meas- uring CD4+ lymphocyte counts need to be developed. We tested use of whole blood spots dried on filter paper to measure CD4+ lym- phocyte counts. We obtained blood from 42 HIV-1-infected patients from Zambia. We dried blood spots on filter paper and measured CD4+ lymphocyte counts with an established commercial enzyme im- munoassay. We compared these measurements with those obtained from matched liquid whole-blood samples analysed with standard flow cytometry. Results of the filter-paper method accorded well with flow cytometry CD4 counts greater than 200 cells/µL (mean difference 13·6 [SD 52·4]). Dried whole blood stored on filter paper could be developed into a field-friendly alternative for CD4+ lymphocyte count measurements.